DescriptionA coordinated 180° maximum performance climbing turn.
ObjectiveTo develop the student’s control techniques at varying airspeeds and attitudes while remaining oriented and coordinated.
Procedure• Complete pre-maneuver checklist. Clear the area. Make radio calls as appropriate. Maintain 2300 RPM and approximately 90 KIAS.• Select outside visual references. Choose a 90° reference point off one wingtip.• Roll. Roll into and do not exceed a 30° bank towards 90° reference point.• Power and climb. Smoothly apply full power while simultaneously applying gradual back pressure to enter a coordinated climbing turn.• First 90°. Bank angle should remain constant at 30° and pitch attitude should be slowly increasing for the first 90° of the climbing turn until the nose is aligned with the outside reference point.• Second 90°. After the nose of the aircraft passes the outside reference point, slowly begin rolling out the bank and maintain a constant pitch attitude.• Complete 180° turn. Complete the climbing 180° turn just above stall speed (bottom of green arc on airspeed indicator) and momentarily maintain that airspeed.• Return to cruise flight. Maintain altitude while slowly lowering the nose to increase airspeed and return to cruise flight.
ACS Standards• Clear the area.• Select an altitude that will allow the maneuver to be performed no lower than 1,500 feet above ground level (AGL).• Establish the appropriate entry configuration, power, and airspeed.• Establish the angle of bank at approximately 30°.• Simultaneously apply power and pitch to maintain a smooth, coordinated climbing turn, in either direction, to the 90° point, with a constant bank and continuously decreasing airspeed.• Begin a coordinated constant rate rollout from the 90° point to the 180° point maintaining power and a constant pitch attitude.• Complete rollout at the 180° point, ±10° just above a stall airspeed, and maintaining that airspeed momentarily avoiding a stall.• Resume a straight-and-level flight with minimum loss of altitude.