DescriptionSteep turns consist of single or multiple 360° turns, in either direction, using a bank 45° or 50°.
ObjectiveTo teach the student to turn the airplane at steep angles of bank while maintaining altitude and controlling overbanking tendencies, simultaneously dividing attention inside and outside the cockpit.
Procedure• Complete pre-maneuver checklist. Clear the area. Make radio calls as appropriate. Configure airplane to 2300 RPM at approximately 90 KIAS.• Establish outside visual reference. Choose and align nose of airplane on a prominent outside visual reference on which to begin and end the maneuver.• Establish the turn. Note heading and smoothly roll into the steep turn. 45° for private, 50° for commercial.• Maintain the angle of bank and altitude. Increase ≈100 RPM and ≈2 turns of back trim or as necessary to maintain altitude. Adjust pitch, bank and throttle throughout turn to maintain entry altitude.• Roll out on the entry heading and altitude. After completing 360° turn, roll wings level while applying forward pressure on yoke to overcome up trim, align with outside visual reference. Complete turn in opposite direction, as specified. When rolling into turn in opposite direction relax forward pressure to maintain altitude during second 360° turn. Consider power and trim adjustment to maintain altitude at completion of maneuver.
Anticipate rolling out wings level by leading the roll out approximately 20-25° before your desired heading (1/2 the angle of bank).
ACS Standards• Clear the area.• Establish the manufacturer’s recommended airspeed; or if one is not available, a safe airspeed not to exceed VA.• Roll into a coordinated 360° steep turn with approximately:o Private: 45° banko Commercial: 50° bank• Perform the Task in the opposite direction, as specified by evaluator.• Maintain the entry altitude ±100 feet, airspeed ±10 knots, bank ±5°, and roll out on the entry heading ±10°