DescriptionThe airplane is maneuvered between and then around two prominent reference points (pylons) in the form of a figure 8. During the turn portion the pylon is kept at the same position relative to the airplane’s lateral axis by adjusting both altitude and bank angle.
ObjectiveTo develop the student’s ability to maneuver the airplane accurately while dividing his/her attention between the flight path and the selected points on the ground.
Procedure• Complete pre-maneuver checklist. Clear the area. Make radio calls as appropriate. Maintain 2300 RPM and approximately 90 KIAS.• Set up for maneuver. Note wind direction. Select suitable pylons that are at similar elevations, not over a congested area, and ½ - ¾ miles apart.• Maneuver entry. Enter the maneuver downwind at a 45° angle splitting the two pylons. Determine correct pivotal altitude on entry based on groundspeed.• Maintain pivotal altitude. Once wingtip reference is abeam pylon, establish bank of no more than 40°. Maintain sight picture by adjusting pivotal altitude based on groundspeed. Pitch foreword if pylon moves towards the nose, and pitch back if pylon moves towards the tail.• Repeat around second pylon. Begin rollout to allow airplane to proceed diagonally between pylons at 45° angle. Maintain line of sight reference around second pylon by adjusting pivotal altitude based on ground speed.• Exit Maneuver. Rollout once crossing between the two pylons on the same heading maneuver was started. Return to cruise flight.
ACS Standards• Determine the approximate pivotal altitude.• Select suitable pylons that will permit straight-and-level flight between the pylons.• Correctly enter the maneuver at the appropriate altitude and airspeed.• Establish the correct bank angle for the conditions, not to exceed 40°.• Apply corrections so that the line-of-sight reference line remains on the pylon.• Divide attention• Maintain pylon position using appropriate pivotal altitude, avoiding slips and skids.